If the problem is physical—holding a pencil or pen, having illegible handwriting, or sitting still long enough to write—you can help if you
- Ask the child to dictate the story to you. You write down exactly what he says. Coax the child to help with revision.
- Ask the child to write on a keyboard, phone or tablet. Sometimes technology entices.
- If the child is willing to hand write, you type and print his work.
If the problem is perfectionism—erasing every mistake, insisting that she start over again and again—you can help if you
- Reward the child for every line or paragraph written without starting over.
- Offer to type the writing once it is done so the child can have a clean version.
If the problem is inexperience—too young or too sheltered to have a large mental “data” base—you can help if you supply the story structure.
- Read a picture book together, discuss how the author began, what the author included, and how the book ended, and then ask the child to rewrite the book, using only the pictures for reference.
- Find wordless picture books and ask the child to write the story.
- Find a cartoon strip, cut out the words, and ask the child to write the story. Later you type and print the child’s words and paste them into the cartoon.
- Introduce the child to storyboards and ask the child to draw her story’s main parts. Later she can add words to her drawings.
- Encourage the child to find models of the kinds of writing she wants to do, and to follow those models.
If the child is a poor speller,
- Encourage her to use technology with embedded spelling checkers when she writes.
- Let her write a first draft by hand without interruptions. Later, underline the misspelled words and together work on fixing them.
If the child has no idea how to begin a story, or how to sequence it, or if she forgets what she wants to happen next,
- Teach the child to create a mind web before she writes. Using color coding and numbering, help her to sequence the information. Remind her to check her mind web as she writes.
- You compile a list of ways to begin a paragraph or essay and review that list with her before she begins. Together come up with several possible ways to begin her particular piece of writing. You say three or four possible beginnings and discuss the advantages of each. Then let her choose.
If the child’s vocabulary is limited
- Create a word bank the child can use and leave it next to her as she writes. Add to it as she describes what she has in mind.
- Ask her to underline words that she thinks could be said better. Offer suggestions. Teach her how to use a thesaurus.
If the child has failed at writing before, and fears failing again,
- Find examples of the child’s past writing and analyze it for why it was done poorly. Many times the reasons are lack of detail, limited vocabulary, and run-ons.
- If the reason is lack of detail, practice drills of extending sentences. Take a sentence the child wrote, write it on a new piece of paper, and then take turns adding details. Do this with a whole paragraph and then read the newly written paragraph.
- If the reason is run-ons, practice finding run-ons. Use the child’s own writing when possible.
Practice, practice, practice. Writing is a skill, like playing the piano or swimming fast. Research shows that to write better, a person must practice, practice, practice.