Professional writers learn how to describe their novels in just a few words. Sometimes this is called an “elevator” version meaning short enough to be said by a writer on an elevator ride.
Learning such an approach before writing a story is also useful for children writing narratives. In a sentence or two they should be able to name the important parts of their story, such as
- the main character
- what happens to make the story start
- the goal of the main character
- the opponent of the main character
- and the climax the main character must face to reach his goal.
If the child writer cannot name all of those parts, his story is probably flawed. It is missing an important element which readers want.
Two books meant for adults which explain this well are Techniques of the Selling Writer by D. V. Swain and The Anatomy of Story by John Truby.
Swain suggests a two-sentence pattern. The first sentence is written as a statement. It should include the situation, main character and objective of that main character. In the second sentence, a question, the opponent should be identified and the climax or disaster near the end of the story should be named.
Here is an example for Charlotte’s Web by E. B. White. Wilbur, a piglet on a farm, must devise a plan to protect himself from being slaughtered for bacon. Can he and his friend, Charlotte, figure out how to keep the farmer from killing him now that he is plump?
Or, in The Cat in the Hat by Dr. Seuss, two bored children are entertained at home by a playful cat. But can the children put the house back to order before their mother sees the mess?
Truby suggests a one sentence pattern which he calls a premise. In it should be the event which starts the action, the identity of the main character, and the final outcome of the story.
For example, in Charlotte’s Web, Wilbur, a farm piglet, escapes death as a runt but later faces slaughter until his friend Charlotte figures out how to make him too famous to kill.
Or, in The Cat in the Hat, a playful cat arrives to end the boredom of two children who find ways to hide his antics and mess from their mother.
To use this approach to story writing with children, you might start with some familiar stories and analyze them. In Junie B. Jones and the Stupid, Smelly School Bus by Barbara Park,
- Main character: Junie B.
- What happens to make the story start: Junie B. hides when the bus comes
- the goal of the main character: Not to take the school bus home
- the opponent: Mrs., Junie B.’s mother
- the terrible problem at the end: Junie B. needs to use the toilet but the girls room is locked
After the children get the idea, with you, the adult, leading, think up some scenarios. It’s Halloween. A child wants to go trick-or-treating. Mom says no because it’s raining. How can the child convince Mom? Get Dad’s help? Promise to carry an umbrella? What crisis could almost ruin everything? Tthunder and lightning? What happens at the end? The child wears boots and a raincoat and Mom holds an umbrella and flashlight? A text message from the mayor postpones Halloween until the next evening?
Students need modeling to become comfortable with this approach to story writing. The elements could be written on a bulletin board or on a permanent poster in the classroom for reference. A five-minute mini-lesson on the elements could precede writing time each time students need to write a narrative.
And some writing time could include just identifying the elements in order to imprint this pattern. If the students can identify the elements for several stories, then let them choose one to write. Children need to learn that planning is just as important as sentence writing.