Students love to talk about current events. But usually their ideas lack facts—high on “Well, I heard” but low on hard facts.
Here’s a way to give them the facts on Hurricane Irma or Hurricane Harvey—the geography, the science, even the math.
Order* “Hurricane Irma (or Harvey): storm graphing, tracking and analyzing.” With the information provided, students will be able to
- Plot the latitude and longitude of Irma (or Harvey) on their own maps. Then they can use that data to write about the day-to-day path the hurricane took, where it crossed land, and where it went next (or where it stalled, in Harvey’s case). This essay would be heavy on geography—what Caribbean islands the storm passed, what waters it passed through, what states, cities or counties were involved.
- Create bar graphs of the lowest barometric pressure and the highest wind speed of either hurricane. Then students can compare the two graphs and notice how higher wind speed correlates with lower air pressure and with Saffir-Simpson categories. Numbers are details, and with two graphs plus the Saffir-Simpson chart, the students would have plenty of details to write an essay heavy on science and math.
- For a comparison/contrast essay, students could interpret a chart comparing Hurricane Katrina to Hurricane Harvey. Plenty of facts describe both storms.
- Or for an expository essay, students could write an essay explaining why Hurricane Harvey was so destructive. All the information is provided. Students could use this same information to paraphrase one paragraph or several.
- A different expository essay could focus on why hurricanes form and strengthen, using scientific facts about Hurricane Irma. A shorter writing assignment using the same facts could be a summary or a paraphrase of a single paragraph.
- What makes for an accurate forecast of a hurricane’s landfall location could be another expository essay, focusing on why meteorologists had trouble pinpointing the landfall location of Irma. All the information is provided. Or a paragraph or two could be paraphrased. Or the ideas could be summarized.
I wrote the lesson plans and gathered the facts, focusing on activities appropriate for fifth through eighth graders.