Big changes have come to the SAT essay.
- It’s optional, not required any more.
- You have 50 minutes, not 25, to complete it.
- It’s based on a reading passage, not an out-of-the-blue idea.
- It will be judged on three criteria: your understanding of the reading passage, your ability to analyze the reading passage, and your writing skills.
It’s still not easy, but it’s certainly more like the writing students do in college. Often college students need to read a book or a journal article and write a response to it. Students need to show that they understand what the reading is about, that they can analyze the thinking that went into the passage, and that they can do so in clear, sophisticated English. Rarely are college students ever offered a philosophical problem with no warning and no preparation, and rarely too are they asked to respond with an essay in one sitting.
The old, 25-minute limit was ridiculous. Planning a response was reduced to three minutes; writing was limited to 20 minutes; and checking for errors lasted about two minutes, or more often, not at all. When I work with students on writing anything we spend significant time on planning, developing details and ordering the paragraphs. You can’t do that in three minutes. And for most of the writing college students do they have overnight or longer to provide a response. Good writers put their writing down, take a walk or a hot shower, and then return to the writing inspired. At least with the new SAT there is breathing room.
Even though the reading selection might contain highfalutin vocabulary, you don’t need to understand every single word to get the gist of a reading selection and to analyze it. The reading passage is long enough and contains enough persuasive arguments that the student can readily understand it with a strong high school vocabulary.
And the essay is optional. For students who can write, this is their chance to prove it, adding another way to impress college admission officers. For students who can’t write well, their lack of skill will show in the multiple choice section of the writing test.
Google the new SAT writing test to find websites offering greater perspective on the change. See if you agree that the change has improved the test.